How the house of the future will be made?
What the house of the future will look like ? This is the question posed by many architects and building professionals. This is easy to imagine a house of the ecological future that may be better integrated into its environment. We can also imagine a futuristic and fully equipped accommodation, thanks to the evolution of home automation. Or why not a house of the future on water, for the most imaginative. So how will the house of the future be ? This is the question that our team is asking today …
How will the house of the future be ?
Questioning the house of the future is essential for architects and specialists in the construction industry. And for good reason, thinking about the house of tomorrow makes it possible to better orient Research & Development, and to anticipate future developments in the field of construction.
But it is obvious that imagining the house of the future can only be done on assumptions. We can imagine a futuristic house, worthy of science fiction films, just as we can imagine a house of the ecological future, like the passive house (or even the positive house) which is essential in the field of construction in the years to come.
Let’s go around the main hypotheses that can help draw the house of tomorrow.
House of the future: some possible scenarios
To find out how the house of the future will be, it is interesting to learn about the latest advances in house construction, but also about building trends in general. Let’s go around the different types of houses of the future, depending on the main architectural and construction trends.
The home home of the future
When we talk about the house of the future, it is quite tempting to turn to the home home automation. Home automation consists of automating and computerizing buildings. The home of tomorrow is a home that obeys your finger and your eye, thanks to the internet, computers and automation. Like developments like Google Home or Alexa, you may be able to speak at home about the future … and she might even answer you !
On the program, we can imagine:
- Automatic opening of doors, shutters and windows.
- Automatic brightness adjustment, depending on your needs or the time.
- A house teeming with connected objects: luminaires, radio, fridge, cooking appliances, etc.
- Heating that adapts to climatic conditions, and seeks to optimize indoor temperature.
- Successful security systems capable of quickly alerting the authorities in the event of a break-in.
This intelligent home of the future is based above all on technology and comfort. Perhaps the most daring will imagine it populated with service androids, which could take care of the household or the kitchen !
In fact, if the home automation market is growing (with more and more objects connected in French houses), the connected house (or Smart Home) is still quite rare. But it is clear that home automation risks having a strong presence in the house of tomorrow.
Homemade photo of the future automated, which uses renewable energies and home automation technology.
The house of the ecological future
If technology is particularly present in the collective spirit, when we talk about tomorrow’s house, it should not be forgotten that ecology is also a very important factor in the evolution of construction. In a world affected by the shortage of material and resources, the ecological character of construction could become a priority … well before the need for high-tech and technological comfort.
The ecological home of the future could adopt the following characteristics:
- It is a passive house, capable of producing at least as much energy as it consumes. One could even imagine a house without heating or air conditioning thanks to optimal insulation and the use of renewable energies. Better still than the passive house ? The positive house, which produces more energy than it consumes !
- The house is designed with local materials that respect the environment. We can imagine the use of local wood or minerals, and biosourced and renewable materials. The use of a plant roof and many plants is also very possible.
- It is well integrated into its environment, and makes the most of natural resources (photovoltaic, wind, good exposure to the sun, recovery of rainwater, etc.).
The house of the future, rather than being entirely cold and technological, could seek to get closer to nature.
Photo of a house of the ecological future, designed from biosourced materials.
The house of the future on water
Some architects go even further by imagining a house of the future on the water. Faced with the possible rise in water due to global warming, we imagine floating habitats capable of adapting to a submerged world !
It must be said that the house of the future on water can respond to various current issues:
- A house on the water can withstand flooding, thanks to its ability to float.
- Building houses on water allows you to occupy new spaces, while the price of building land keeps going up.
- Floating houses could easily move. One could thus imagine cities capable of moving according to the seasons, like migratory birds.
Architects have already taken an interest in this concept of house on water. This is the case, for example, with Pierpaolo Lazzarini, who imagined a city of the future, floating on the water. Presented in the video below, the latter would be entirely autonomous, capable of running on solar energy and desalinating seawater:
The house of the future: collective housing ?
It would be a shame to talk about the habitat of the future without mentioning collective housing. And for good reason, at a time when the urban population is constantly densifying, we can imagine that the housing of tomorrow will be collective housing for many citizens.
The building of the future will share the same challenges as individual accommodation:
- The building should be perfectly insulated and ventilated.
- It will be an autonomous building capable of producing energy, water and even food.
- This building of tomorrow will have to be built easily, from local materials.
The collective is ultimately entirely relevant in the context of the ecological challenges of construction. Photovoltaic panels, for example, will be significantly more efficient at the building level than at the individual housing level. In addition, the collective building makes it possible to pool heat and optimize the energy used.
One could then imagine vertical forest projects, like the Bostco Verticale in Milan, a real estate project designed in 2014 which brings together more than 20,000 plants on two buildings, to create a green lung in the middle of Milan … but why not by replacing the trees with vegetable gardens, able to feed the occupants of the accommodation !
The Bosco Verticale in Milan may already be an example of the habitat of the future.
What the house of the near future will look like ?
Before imagining a house of the future on water or why not in the air, it is interesting to be interested in the house of the near future. If you are considering building and dreaming of a house of the future, find out about the latest construction trends.
To reflect further on the house of the future, we invite you to consult the video below, which contains the opinions of several building and housing professionals:
Overall, the house of the future is likely to have the following characteristics:
- It is a positive house: the house of the future will certainly produce more energy than it consumes, for example thanks to solar panels but also and above all thanks to optimal insulation and the use of materials capable of retaining heat by inertia. This house has thick walls and is perfectly insulated with water and air. It is also equipped with an efficient ventilation system, which ensures the good circulation of indoor air
- The house of the future is autonomous: in addition to the passive house, one can imagine a house of the future centered on food and energy autonomy. The house of the future may be delivered with a greenhouse, to produce vegetables, and will be equipped with rainwater collectors.
- It is a connected house: the use of home automation may prove essential in the house of the future. It will not be so much a question of granting futuristic comfort to its inhabitants, but perhaps more of using artificial intelligence to optimize as much as possible the heating, ventilation and energy consumption of housing.
- It is designed in local and biosourced materials: a house of the future will be made up of local and renewable materials. One can imagine it based on raw earth, dry stone or even wood. This does not seem consistent with the positive house of the future ? And yet, the raw earth houses of our ancestors (who remember did not have current heating technologies) are said to be much better insulated with air and water than some constructions in recent decades.
- The price of the house of the future is high: it is clear that the cost of building a house of the future will be higher, in particular because of the choice of materials and equipment. However, its user cost will be almost zero. One could indeed imagine houses of the future totally autonomous in energy, and therefore free to heat.
If this house of the future is soon likely to see the light of day in France, it will be thanks in particular to regulations. Regulations like RE 2020 are forcing the construction of increasingly ecological and energy efficient houses. One could thus imagine a RE 2040 which also requires the use of local and biosourced materials as new essential criteria for new construction.
But all of that … only the future will tell us !